The U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) serve the United States by ensuring a fast, safe, efficient, accessible and convenient transportation system that meets our vital national interests and enhances the quality of life of the American people, today and into the future. Through it’s different operating administrations and bureaus the DOT provides financial assistance that help rural communities enhance access to affordable housing, improve safety on rural roads, increase the efficiency of freight movement, strengthen economic competitiveness, and protect the environment.
TIGER (Transportation Investment Generating Economic Recovery Discretionary Grants)
Grants support projects from state and local governments that improve the condition of existing facilities, contribute to the country’s economic competitiveness, foster livable communities, and improve energy efficiency and safety.
State Planning and Research
Funds may be used for engineering and economic surveys and investigations; physical and financial planning of highway programs and local public transportation systems; research, development, and technology transfer activities related to the planning, design, construction, management, and maintenance of highway, public transportation, and intermodal transportation systems; and studies, research, and training on engineering standards and construction materials.
Surface Transportation Program
Grants provided for highway and transit infrastructure construction and rehabilitation, highway operational improvements such as hazard elimination, bicycle and pedestrian transportation infrastructure, transportation planning, highway and transit research and development and technology transfer programs, and capital and operating costs for traffic monitoring, management, and control facilities and programs, including advanced truck stop electrification systems.
The Surface Transportation Environment and Planning Cooperative Research Program
Aims to improve the understanding of the relationship between surface transportation and the environment. Under this program FHWA builds capacity through activities such as scenario planning, peer exchanges, research, and other activities.
The Public Lands Highways
Funding for transportation planning, research, and engineering; construction of highways, roads, and transit facilities; and the operation and maintenance of transit facilities on public lands, national parks, and Indian reservations.
The Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Improvement Program
Funds projects in nonattainment areas for air quality standards. Eligible projects include pedestrian and bicycle facilities; transit facilities; the implementation of traffic management, monitoring, and congestion relief strategies; alternative fuel projects; vehicle inspection and maintenance programs; intermodal freight; travel demand management; rideshare programs; and others that can help improve air quality.
The Highway Bridge Program
Provide formula funding to improve structurally deficient and functionally obsolete highway bridges on public roads.
Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
A national clearinghouse for information about health and safety, engineering, advocacy, education, enforcement, access, and mobility for pedestrians (including transit users) and bicyclists.