In November 2010, the Gulf of Mexico Alliance (GOMA) and partner organizations, including the Mississippi-Alabama Sea Grant Consortium, Louisiana Sea Grant, Texas Sea Grant, Florida Sea Grant, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Coastal Storms Program and the Gulf of Mexico Program, developed the Coastal Community Resilience Index (CCRI) to help every community become more resilient. As a self-assessment tool, the CCRI aims to provide community leaders with a simple and inexpensive method of predicting whether their community will reach and maintain an acceptable level of functioning after a disaster. The CCRI can be used by experienced local planners, engineers, floodplain managers and administrators with existing sources of information available from their communities. The assessment may identify problems that a community needs to address before the next disaster and where resources could best be allocated.
Results are presented as an index value that estimates the adaptability of the community to a disaster. The rating is designed to provide communities with an idea of how long it will take the community to provide basic services and reoccupy homes and businesses after a disaster. The assessment allows communities to test different scenarios, such as storms of varying intensities, to determine their capacity to respond and recover. The assessment takes into account infrastructure, critical facilities, transportation, community plans, mitigation measures, business plans and social systems. The result of the assessment defines the final index rating as Low, Medium or High resiliency that is unique to each community and, therefore, is not meant for comparison across communities.